Ranger’s House: The real Bridgerton

    ranger's house
    Ranger's House. Credit: Jim Holden/English Heritage

    Kate Youde steps inside Ranger’s House, the real-life Bridgerton house, which has seen its own fair share of Georgian and Regency scandal

    Its red-brick facade is known to fans of Regency-era romance series Bridgerton as the Grosvenor Square home of the Netflix TV hit’s titular family. Off-screen, however, Ranger’s House lies across the River Thames in southeast London, nestled between the leafy neighbourhoods of Greenwich Park and Blackheath.

    Visitors to the Georgian villa, cared for by English Heritage, won’t find the eye-catching wisteria that adorns the Bridgertons’ abode. Even the front door receives a makeover for the cameras, turning from dark grey to green with a lion swapped for a golden knocker. But there is still plenty of overlap between fact and fiction.

    The Bridgerton. family in front of Ranger’s House

    Queen Charlotte, wife of George III, portrayed in Bridgerton and the spin-off Queen Charlotte: A Bridgerton Story, was sister-in-law to Augusta, Duchess of Brunswick, who lived at Ranger’s House, while many of the home’s real-life residents were embroiled in drama to make them the talk of the town.

    The first series of Bridgerton opens at the start of the social season in 1813. However, the story of the Ranger’s House, which celebrated its 300th anniversary in 2023, begins 90 years earlier, when it was built for Francis Hosier, Vice-Admiral of the Blue, a senior rank in the Royal Navy, in about 1723.

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    A portrait of Augusta, Duchess of Brunswick c.1762. Credit: The Picture Art Collection / Alamy Stock Photo

    Hosier led action to blockade the port of Porto Bello in modern-day Panama to prevent Spanish ships from carrying valuable cargo back to Spain during the Anglo-Spanish War between 1727 and 1729.

    “Loitering at sea is an absolute recipe for disease,” says Megan Leyland, senior properties historian at English Heritage. “Yellow fever takes hold and eventually around 4,000 men die in this military action including Francis Hosier.” His dramatic demise in 1727 is immortalised in Richard Glover’s 1740 ballad, Admiral Hosier’s Ghost, which directed criticism for the deaths towards Robert Walpole, the then prime minister.

    ranger's house
    English Heritage Rangers House London

    Hosier’s house became the country retreat of leading societal figures. Politician Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, who inherited Ranger’s House from his younger brother in 1748, used it to enjoy what he called “philosophical quiet”.

    It was here that Lord Chesterfield, responsible for one of the two wings added to the house – a large gallery to display his art collection, wrote around 200 of the 448 letters of advice he sent his illegitimate son.

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    Ranger’s House is now home to the Wernher collection which includes paintings, porcelain and furniture. Credit: Jim Holden

    While his marriage was without children, Chesterfield had fathered a son with a French governess in 1732, the year before his wedding, when an ambassador in The Hague. “He decided that he needed to make sure that [his son] was well prepared for society and the way to do that was write him letters of advice on everything you could need to navigate the dangerous world of politics and manners in the period,” says Leyland. The correspondence was published after Lord Chesterfield’s death as a book, still available today.

    In 1813, the year Bridgerton begins, Ranger’s House belonged to Augusta, Dowager Duchess of Brunswick, elder sister of George III. She had lived here since 1807 after fleeing to England at the age of 70 from her home in Germany, with the King’s permission, because of the turmoil of the Napoleonic Wars. She arrived to “a royal family wrought with scandal”, says Leyland.

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    The art collection was amassed by 19th-century businessman Sir Julius Wernher. Credit: Jim Holden

    The Duchess’s daughter, Caroline, of whom a terracotta bust is displayed in the house, had married her cousin, George, Prince of Wales (George III’s son and later George IV) in 1795. The prince’s incentive for the union was that his father had agreed to settle his significant debts.

    The marriage was “a disaster from the outset”, says Leyland. “Apparently when he first saw her, he called for brandy.”

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    The Wernher Collection has more than 700 pieces. Credit: Jim Holden

    The couple lived separately after the birth of their only child, Princess Charlotte, in 1796, and Caroline took up residence the following year at the since demolished Montagu House, which neighboured Ranger’s House. In 1806, she was the subject of the ‘Delicate Investigation’ into claims she had been unfaithful to her husband and had an illegitimate son. A commission concluded the claims were unfounded, but Leyland says her behaviour with certain men was deemed “inappropriate”.

    Caroline had established a “rival royal court” in Blackheath and the grand entertaining continued after her mother moved next door, says Leyland. One event, the Princess of Wales’s Grand Fete in 1808, took in both houses. Guests moved via a walkway illuminated with lamps from Montagu House, where a 100ft temporary ballroom was decorated with flowers, to a “fifth supper room” laid out for nearly 100 guests at Augusta’s home. “You do get a bit of a flavour of Bridgerton,” says Leyland, who adds that the everyday movements of Augusta and the royals were reported in newspapers just as the fictional Lady Whistledown updates her readers on societal gossip.

    Princess Charlotte. Credit: Pictorial Press Ltd / Alamy

    Princess Charlotte, whose death in childbirth in 1817 is referenced in the Bridgerton spin-off as it meant there was no legitimate heir to the throne, was a frequent visitor to Ranger’s House but fell foul of her opinionated grandmother’s plain speaking. “Augusta had quite a reputation for gossip, for not mincing her words,” says Leyland. “At one point she said [to Charlotte in 1811], ‘you are grown very fat and sunburnt.” ‘

    This is an extract, read the full feature in our December 2023/January 2024 issue of Discover Britain, available to buy from 3 November here. 

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